In China, the prevalence of myopia is extremely high. According to 2018 China Children Myopia Survey Result, the myopia rate of primary school students is 15.7% in the first grade, 59.0% in the sixth grade, and 77.0% in the nine grade. The myopia rate of high school students is about 83%. Among which, high myopia, the degree of myopia higher than 600 degrees, is 21.9%. It has been predicted that, by the year 2050, high myopia will affect 9.8% of the global population. High myopia is becoming more common and increases the risk of open-angle glaucoma, retinal detachment, and myopic macular degeneration which can cause irreversible visual loss.
The project is a part of the Shanghai-Ningxia child eye health program, which aims to improve children’s quality of life and increase educational opportunities by reducing the burden of uncorrected refractive error and enhancing access to high-quality pediatric ophthalmic and low-vision services in Ningxia and Shanghai.