According to UNESCO1, the adult literacy rate in Burkina Faso is 34.6%. Most of the country's population cannot read or write. This rate presents enormous disparities according to the area of residence (urban or rural) and especially according to sex (man or woman). Literacy levels are higher for men than for women, regardless of where they live. Regarding women, only 26.2% of them are literate, hence it represents 1 out of 5 women. Literacy is a major element of personal development and, by extension, of the emancipation of women who represent more than 51% of the total population. A literate woman participates better to her own development but also to the development of her family and her community. Supporting actions aimed at reducing the illiteracy rate of women would not only contribute to their autonomy but also participate in local development.