Central Mongolia is one of the places most affected by global warming: 1.2 times more than the world average. Due to increasing aridity, many small springs and waters have dried up in recent decades. In 2019, 12,591 small springs and 512 mineral waters have disappeared. These small springs are located in the most used livestock pastures in Mongolia and are the main sources of drinking water for livestock.
There are 330 soums (villages) in the whole country. Due to environmental degradation, there is a sharp decrease in forest resources, especially between the forest and central Mongolia. Therefore, local communities are trying to learn how to reforest their landscapes in order to preserve their forests and the people living in them.