The sand forest of northern KwaZulu-Natal is home to some of the most threatened vegetation in South Africa. This unique forest has evolved to grow on deep white sands, the ancient fossil dunes of an ancient coastline. It is characterised by rare and endemic plants and unique bird and wildlife species. Its destruction would lead to the extinction of many species, including those yet to be discovered. Unfortunately, this fragile forest is threatened today by a growing human population, deforestation for pineapple and eucalyptus agriculture, and increasing animal population density in nature reserves (which graze unsustainably in the forest).