The Valensole Plateau is a small agricultural region in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence facing many challenges. An area where lavandin and durum wheat can be grown in the Provence-Alpes Côte d'Azur region, its agricultural landscapes also make it a popular tourist attraction. Classified as a Natura 2000 site, it also hosts many heritage species directly dependent on particular agricultural practices and systems of production. However, the Valensole plateau is now facing a number of challenges (climate change, water pollution, etc.) that threaten its biodiversity.